India's population explosion - Quick Guide

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Saturday, December 28, 2019

India's population explosion

Population explosion is a major issue in developing countries. It refers to the number of people that live in an area. It is a situation of rapid increase of population among human beings of a country. 

India's population explosion


In India, population hs crossed the optimum limit and has become a liability. By 2027, India is expected to overtake China as the world's most populated country. The census of 2011 counted 121 crore people in the country. India adds 46,500 persons to it's population everyday. 

CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH

The following can be some causes of the India's rapidly and dramatically increasing population.

• MARRIAGE AT LOW AGE

Child marriages are very common in our country. Though mean age of marriage for both males and females have been increasing, yet many girls are getting married at a very early age at which they are not ready for marriage, either socially, emotionally, psychologically or chronologically. 

• HIGH ILLITERACY

Female education is directly linked with the age at which they marry,family planning, their fertility and infant mortality rate. Education makes a person liberal and broad minded. If both men and women re educated, they will easily understand the logic of planning their families.

EFFECTS OF POPULATION EXPLOSION

Rapidly increasing population leaves their adverse effects on the economy of India. These can be:

• UNEMPLOYMENT

A large size of population can prove to be a great problem for the growth of the economy. It creates the problem of unemployment as there is a shortage of capital resources. It is very difficult to provide employment to such a large number of people. This results in disguised unemployment in rural areas and open unemployment in urban areas. 

• POVERTY

Rising population increases poverty in India. People have to spend the large portions of their resources on very small things. It results into less savings and low rate of capital formation. Hence improvement in production techniques becomes impossible. It means low productivity of labour.

• FOOD PROBLEM

Rapid growth of India's population has been the root cause of food problem. People do not get sufficient quantity of food due to low availability of food. The under developed countries have to import food grains from the developed countries to fulfill the need of food.

• PER CAPITA INCOME

The increasing number of people in India results in low per capita availability of capital. India's annual income grows but per capita income falls due to increase in population.

• PRESSURE ON ENVIRONMENT

Population explosion leads to environmental degradation. Higher birth rate brings more population, more toxic wastes and damage to biosphere. Population explosion hinders the economic development. It should be controlled effectively. 

• CAPITAL FORMATION

High birth rate and low life expectancy rate means large number of dependents in total population. The more number of dependants, the less capacity of people to save. So the rate of capital formation falls. 

QUICK GUIDE

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