Republic Day - Quick Guide

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Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Republic Day

Republic Day

26 January is celebrated as the Republic Day of India every year. It is celebrated to honor the date 26 January 1950, on which the Constitution of India came into effect as the governing document of India. Although India has achieved independence on 15 August 1947, yet it's laws were based on Government of India Act 1935. On 26 January 1950, the constitution of India came into existence by Dr. B R Ambedkar and Dr. Rajendra Prasad started his term as first president of India.

Republic Day


On this day, the celebration is held at the capital, New Delhi. A ceremonious parade take place at the Rajpath in front of the President of India. The head of state or government of other countries are invited as the chief guest of the Republic Day celebration. This parade shows the tribute to India, it's unity in diversity and culture. The parade starts from the gates of Rashtrapati Bhawan, follows on Rajpath and India Gate. The whole path is beautifully decorated. Officers of Indian Army, Navy and Air Force perform march past with their bands and give salute to the President of India, Commander-in-chief of Indian Armed Forces. The parade shows the India's Culture of different states, it's social heritage and Defence Capabilities.


On the third day after Republic Day, 29 January, in the evening, the Beating Retreat ceremony take place denoting the official ending of the Republic Day celebration. It is performed by the bands of the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. It is held at Raisina Hill and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the North and South block of the Rashtrapati Bhawan towards the end of Rajpath. The National Salute is given to the President of India followed by the playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Army.

On the eve of Republic Day, the award distribution ceremony take place. The President of India distributes the second highest civillian awards, Padma Awards to the civillians of India. Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri awards are distributed to the honorees. A certificate and a medallion is issued to the recipients as the award.


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